Boadicea (or Boudicca) d. 60 or 61 was a queen of the Brittonic Iceni tribe (now East Anglia). Her husband, Prasutagus, ruled the Iceni and was a staunch ally of Rome. When he died, he left his kingdom jointly to his daughters and the Roman Emperor, but his will was ignored. Boudicea had been trained in warfare, and she educated her daughters to be warriors. She refused to submit to Roman oppression. Boadicea was willing to die for the freedom of her people, although she knew that to give the Romans a fight she had to persuade neighboring tribes to join the Iceni’s in battle. Under her command, she organized and led a violent uprising against the occupying forces of the Roman Empire and convinced the tribes to join her army. A Roman historian described Boadicea’s appearance in battle: ‘In build she was very tall, in her demeanor most terrifying, in the glint of her eye most fierce, and her voice was harsh; a great mound of the tawniest hair fell to her hips; around her neck was a large golden torc; and she wore a tunic of many colors upon a thick cloak that was fastened with a brooch. This was her general attire’. Later generations honored her as a hero of the people and a female wartime leader.
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